princess公主, prince王子, witch巫婆, angel天使


Dear friends,

Here is the Chinese lesson today, we are going to learn the Be verb 是(is, was) with the subjects 他(he) and 她(she). Please watch the following video for the example phrases:


The first phrase 1-1:

She is a princess.

她是公主
Tā shì gōng-zhǔ


她(she) + 是(is) + 公主(princess)

she


is
shì

princess
公主
gōng-zhǔ


note: the subject 她(she) is a modern Chinese version, it was appeared in the modern Chinese translation from the western literature, the female subject SHE. In classic Chinese literature there were not much (even none) forms for male and female format nouns and other related verb variations as in English, French or other western languages.

note2: the Be verb 是(is) could be also used as a plural form as "are" in English, or the past tense "was, were" in English. This part of Chinese grammar is quite simple, not much plurality of past tense should be emphasized like the western languages, kind of ambiguous. Isn't it? For example: the Chinese phrase 他(he)是我的朋友(He is my friend), and 她(she)是我的朋友(She is my friend) the pronunciation are all the same in Chinese, you can not tell 他(he) or 她(she)from the pronunciations, it might cause confusion while in conversation.


The first phrase 1-2:

The girl says that she is a princess.

這女孩說她是公主
Zhè nǚ-hái shuō tā shì gōng-zhǔ

這(this) + 女孩(girl) + 說(say) + 她(she) + 是(is) + 公主(princess)

this
zhè

girl
女孩
nǚ-hái

say
shuō

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site:


The second phrase 2-1:

He is a prince.
他是王子
Tā shì wáng-zǐ

他(he) + 是(is) + 王子(prince)

he

prince
王子
wáng-zǐ


The second phrase 2-2:

The boy says that he is a prince.
這男孩說他是王子
Zhè nán-hái shuō tā shì wáng-zǐ

這(this) + 男孩(boy) + 說(say) + 他(he) + 是(is) + 王子(prince)

boy
男孩
nán-hái

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site:


The third phrase 3-1:

She is a witch.
她是巫婆
Tā shì wū-pó

她(is) + 是(is) + 巫婆(witch)

witch
巫婆
wū-pó


the third phrase 3-2:

No one found out that she was a witch.
沒人發現她是巫婆
Méi rén fā-xiàn tā shì wū-pó

沒人(no one) + 發現(find out) + 她(is) + 是(is) + 巫婆(witch)

no one
沒人
méi rén

沒(none) + 人(people)

find out
發現
fā-xiàn

note: the Be verb 是(is) could be also used as a plural form as "are" in English, or the past tense "was, were" in English. This part of Chinese grammar is quite simple, not much plurality of past tense should be emphasized like the western languages

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site:


The fourth phrase 4-1:

He is an angel.
他是天使
Tā shì tiān-shǐ

他(he) + 是(is) + 天使(angel)

angel
天使
tiān-shǐ

天(heaven) + 使(messenger)


The fourth phrase 4-2:

No one knows that he is an angel.
沒人知道他是天使
Méi rén zhī-dào tā shì tiān-shǐ

沒人(no one) + 知道(know) + 他(he) + 是(is) + 天使(angel)

know
知道
zhī-dào

知(know) + 道(way)

note: this 2-character word 知道(know) is a modern Chinese word.

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site:


Thanks for reading my blog! Please remember to subscribe my YouTube channel for encouragement.

Have a nice weekend!
週末愉快

Regards,

Andres Leo


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Lesson 19 mountain 山, immortal being 仙, Buddha 佛

Lesson 17 Knife 刀, Blade 刃, Endure 忍

Lesson 18 Wood 木, Seedling 禾, Peace 和平