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Showing posts from November, 2018

listen to music 聽音樂, listen to stories 聽故事, tell stories 說故事, fabricate a story 編故事

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Dear friends,
Here is the video lesson today, and we are going to learn the Chinese verb 聽(listen, hear) connected with the words 音樂(music) and 故事(story). We also connect the word 故事(story) with related verbs, such as 聽(listen, hear), 說(tell, say), and 編(fabricate) to form the phrases like listen to a story, tell a story, and fabricate a story. Please watch the following video lesson for the lesson today:


The first phrase:
listen to music
聽音樂 tīng yīn-yuè
聽(listen) + 音樂(music)
the verb:
listen, hear 聽 tīng
the noun:
music 音樂 yīn-yuè
Let's extend the phrase to a longer sentence:
I like to listen to music. 我喜歡聽音樂 Wǒ xǐ-huān tīng yīn-yuè
我喜歡(I like) + 聽音樂(listen to music)

It's the combination of two phrases:
I like... 我喜歡 wǒ xǐ-huān
我(I) + 喜歡(like)
and

listen to music

聽音樂 tīng yīn-yuè
聽(listen) + 音樂(music)

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site: http://www.chinese-word.com/lessons/lesson-58.html

The 2nd phrase:
listen to stories 聽故事 tīng gù-shì
聽(liste…

Thanksgiving 感恩節 related phrases

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Dear friends,
It's Thanksgiving Day 感恩節 this week. Let's learn some words and phrases in this lesson, such as 烤火雞(roast turkey), 感恩(gratitude), 全家團聚(family reunion)...etc. Please watch the following video for the lesson:


the first word:
roast turkey
烤火雞 kǎo huǒ jī
烤(roast) + 火雞(turkey)
turkey 火雞 huǒ jī
the character 烤(kǎo) is a verb "roast, bake, barbecue" or "roasted, baked" for any meat (vegetables), like 烤雞(roast chicken), 烤鴨(roast duck), 烤肉(barbecues), 烤馬鈴薯(baked potato), 烤麵包(bake bread), any food cooked in the oven or on the grill with heat of fire, we use this Chinese character 烤(kǎo).

the phrase in the lesson:
Thanksgiving Roast Turkey Dinner
感恩節烤火雞大餐 gǎn-ēn-jié kǎo huǒ jī dà cān
感恩節(Thanksgiving Day) + 烤火雞(roast turkey) + 大餐(bountiful feast)
for the words:
Thanksgiving Day 感恩節 gǎn-ēn-jié
感恩(gratitude) + 節(festival)

bountiful feast
大餐 dà cān
大(big) + 餐(meal)

Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site: http://www.chinese-…

the use of ending tag 了

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Dear friends,
Using the character 了(le) is a common type in modern Chinese sentences. You will see this character 了(le) in spoken Chinese language all the time.  It is added after a verb or a sentence. Please watch the following video lesson for examples:

The first type of phrase is:
It’s time to…
時間到了 shí-jiān dào le
時間(time) + 到了(arrived)
about the 2-character words:
time 時間 shí-jiān
and 
arrived 到了 dào le
到(arrive) + 了(intensifying preceding clause)

note: for the character 了(le) which is added after a verb 到(arrive), it's modal particle intensifying preceding clause.

Let's extend the phrase:

example1:
It’s time to eat (have meals).
吃飯的時間到了 Chī fàn de shí-jiān dào le
吃飯(have a meal) + 的(of) + 時間(time) + 到了(arrived)

for the part:
the time to have meals 吃飯的時間 chī fàn de shí-jiān
吃飯(have a meal) + 的(of) + 時間(time)

for the 2-character word:
have a meal 吃飯 chī fàn
吃(eat) + 飯(rice, meal)
It's the Chinese word for "have meals," not limited as "eat rice" though rice is the s…

several Chinese verbs for playing music instruments

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Dear friends,
We will introduce some Chinese verbs (characters) for "play" the music instruments like piano (keyboard), guitar, violin, and wind instruments. For examples: 

play piano 彈鋼琴, play guitar 彈吉他, play violin 拉小提琴, play the flute 吹笛子, etc. Please watch the following video for the lesson today:


The 1st verb:
play keyboard instrument
彈 tán
play piano 彈鋼琴 tán gāng-qín
彈(play) + 鋼琴(piano)

The example phrase:
She plays the piano very well. 她很會彈鋼琴 Tā hěn huì tán gāng-qín
她(she) + 很會(very good at) + 彈鋼琴(play piano)
the adverb:
very good at something 很會 hěn huì
很(very) + 會(able, know how)
Please check the analysis of the phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my site: http://www.chinese-word.com/lessons/lesson-55.html

The 2nd verb:
pluck or play string instrument 彈 tán
play guitar 彈吉他 tán jí-tā
彈(play) + 吉他(guitar)
note: the 1st and 2nd verbs are the same character 彈(tán) which is generally used when "pluck, play" stringed instruments with fingers or plectrum.
The example phrase:

正在 in process of action and location

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Dear friends,
Here is the 2-character modern Chinese word 正在(in process of certain action and location) for this lesson. We are going to learn this word from some example phrases. Please watch the following video instruction for the lesson today:

Let's study the first phrase:
They are working.
他們正在工作 Tā-men zhèng-zài gōng-zuò
他們(they) + 正在(in process of) + 工作(work)
the 2-character word:
they 他們 tā-men
is noun of a group of people
and the 2-character word:
work 工作 gōng-zuò
can be used as a verb "work" or noun "job, work"
Now here is the 2-character word:
in process of 正在 zhèng-zài
when  正在 + verb, it's just like "be + verb+ing" in English.
for example:
正在(in process of) + 工作(work)
is like "be + working" the Present Progressive Tense in English sentence.

So far we only introduce the action of the 正在(in process of), and it could also contain the function of a location adverb 在(zài  at, in, on) which is always the same character and pronunciation i…

some quotes about dreams, happiness, challenges and faith

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Dear friends,
We are going to learn some quotes with the 2-character Chinese words like 夢想(dreams), 堅持(insist), 分享(share), 快樂(happiness), 朋友(friends), 挑戰(challenge), 勇敢(brave), 信念(faith), 克服(overcome)...etc. Please watch the following video for the lesson today:

The first phrase:
pursuit of dreams
追求夢想 zhuī-qiú mèng-xiǎng
追求(pursue) + 夢想(dream)
the 2-character Chinese verb:
pursue 追求 zhuī-qiú
追(chase) + 求(request)
and the 2-character Chinese noun (also verb):
dream 夢想 mèng-xiǎng
夢(dream) + 想(think)
Please check the analysis of phrases and vocabulary of this lesson via my database site: http://www.chinese-word.com/lessons/lesson-53.html

Let's extend the phrase:
Insist on the pursuit of dreams continuously. 堅持繼續追求夢想 Jiān-chí jì-xù zhuī-qiú mèng-xiǎng
堅持(insist) + 繼續(continue) + 追求(pursue) + 夢想(dream)
the 2-character Chinese verb:
insist 堅持 jiān-chí
and the 2-character Chinese verb or adverb:
continue, continuously 繼續 jì-xù
note: about the Chinese adverb, somehow it doesn't change the 2-ch…

princess公主, prince王子, witch巫婆, angel天使

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Dear friends,
Here is the Chinese lesson today, we are going to learn the Be verb 是(is, was) with the subjects 他(he) and 她(she). Please watch the following video for the example phrases:

The first phrase 1-1:
She is a princess.
她是公主 Tā shì gōng-zhǔ

她(she) + 是(is) + 公主(princess)
she
她 tā
is 是 shì
princess 公主 gōng-zhǔ

note: the subject 她(she) is a modern Chinese version, it was appeared in the modern Chinese translation from the western literature, the female subject SHE. In classic Chinese literature there were not much (even none) forms for male and female format nouns and other related verb variations as in English, French or other western languages.
note2: the Be verb 是(is) could be also used as a plural form as "are" in English, or the past tense "was, were" in English. This part of Chinese grammar is quite simple, not much plurality of past tense should be emphasized like the western languages, kind of ambiguous. Isn't it? For example: the Chinese phrase 他(he)是我…